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Michael Stapelberg

Debian package build tools (2016)

published 2016-11-25, last modified 2019-02-04
in tag debian
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Personally, I find the packaging tools which are available in Debian far too complex. To better understand the options we have, I created a diagram of tools which are frequently used, only covering the build step (i.e. no post-build quality assurance checks or packaging-time helpers):

debian package build tools

When I was first introduced to Debian packaging, people recommended I use pbuilder. Given how complex the toolchain is in the pbuilder case, I don’t understand why that is (was?) a common recommendation.

Back in August 2015, so well over a year ago, I switched to sbuild, motivated by how much simpler it was to implement ratt (rebuilds reverse build dependencies) using sbuild, and I have not looked back.

Are there people who do not use sbuild for reasons other than familiarity? If so, please let me know, I’d like to understand.

I also made a version of the diagram above, colored by the programming languages in which the tools are implemented. The chosen colors are heavily biased :-).

debian package build tools, by language

To me, the diagram above means: if you want to make substantial changes to the Debian build tool infrastructure, you need to become an expert in all of Python, Perl, Bash, C and Make. I know that this is not true for every change, but it still irks me that there might be changes for which it is required.

I propose to eliminate complexity in Debian by deprecating the pbuilder toolchain in favor of sbuild.

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